SkinBorn® Online FAQs

Congratulations on your interest in knowing more about caring for your skin. The average adult skin weighs 101 lbs. and measures 20 square feet when stretched out — by far the largest organ of the body. It breathes, it sweats, and it needs care and nourishment. We have provided some answers here to many of the questions we are frequently asked about the skin and its care.

Can we eliminate the appearance of wrinkles as we age?

Your skin creates less oil and the outer layer becomes rough and dry as you age. Collagen and elastin - two proteins, gradually diminish and the result is a gradual drying, wrinkling and sagging of the skin. Your skin pigment becomes irregular, resulting in blotchy skin.

There are ways to noticeably improve the appearance and health of your skin without cosmetic surgery. Many of us expect our skin that has lived 40 or 50 years to look like it did when we were 20. We should focus on healthy skin - skin that looks great in texture and tone; skin that radiates with health; skin that we can prevent from premature aging,instead of focusing on making our skin look younger.

Alpha Hydroxy Acids, which include glycolic, lactic, and citric, and Beta Hydroxy Acids, which include salicylic acid, loosen dead skin cells, and enhance cell turnover, thus showing new skin underneath. Alpha and Beta Hydroxy Acids have been proven to improve the skin's appearance because this process helps the skin produce the much needed collagen whose production diminishes as we age. The concentration of acids in most over-the-counter products may be too low to be highly effective on collagen production. Higher concentrations can be extremely irritating to the skin so it is best to seek the advice of a skin care professional when choosing your products. The acids work best when they are in a serum or gel base.

Anti-oxidants (Vitamins C, A and E) do important jobs for the skin. Medical research has established that topical Vitamin C plays an essential role in every aspect of the skin’s functioning, including protection from ultraviolet damage and repair of cumulative sun damage. The combination of anti-oxidants jump-starts your cells into producing more collagen. They constantly need to be nourished and supported. Within a short period of time, the skin’s appearance (texture) will be firmer, smoother and more resilient. Skin tone evens out thus appearing noticeably healthier.

The SkinBorn® Medical Skin Enhancement System doesn’t alter the structure of the skin, but it can accelerate the natural exfoliating process that will reveal the healthier looking skin underneath. Healthier skin will recapture the skin you were born with.

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What can I do to brighten up my skin? It looks dull and tired.

As the years pass, constant exposure to UV rays can give the skin a dry appearance - often referred to as "leathery" - because the outside layer of the skin gets excessively built up and is not exfoliated. We tend to notice the build-up after the summer is over and we have spent the summer in the sun. Women seem to be more aware of this than men, as they realize that their makeup doesn't look fresh and their foundation disappears in just a couple of hours. The foundation is actually being absorbed into the accumulated dead skin cells, which gives a very tired and unhealthy look to the skin.

There are several steps to eliminating the appearance of tired or "winter" skin. Begin by checking the texture of your face. Does your face feel soft? Or, are you using drying products on your skin? Astringents containing alcohol or soaps can strip the skin of its natural protective oils causing dehydration or dry skin. There doesn’t exist a cream or moisturizer that can replace the skin's natural oils. Products that contain occlusive ingredients cause problems too. Because they adhere to the top layer of skin cells, they can clog pores and give a waxy appearance to the skin. Sometimes we think by using a heavy cream that it will eliminate dry, flaky skin. If the cream contains ingredients like petroleum, mineral oil, palm oil, coconut oil, some waxes or many other ingredients, it only accumulates on top of the skin, thus contributing to the build-up. This accumulation can only be partially eliminated by soaps or astringents. Add this to the build-up of dead skin cells causing the "winter" or "leathery" look and the tired look of your skin continues.

The next step - and the best tool to eliminate skin buildup - is to exfoliate with SkinBorn® Facial Exfoliator. By exfoliating at least 2-3 times per week (daily is better), accumulation of dry, dead skin cells is prevented and skin regains a healthy smooth glow. Combine exfoliation with the use of other SkinBorn® products from our Moisturizing, Therapeutic and Treatment groups. Begin a skin care regimen that is complete with toners and moisturizers that neither dry out your skin nor add to the build-up and clog pores. Your SkinBorn® skin care professional can help you design a program for your skin, your activity level and your environment that can help you regain a healthy glow to your skin.

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What is the function of the skin?

The skin is an organ unto itself and has many vital functions. It serves as a protective barrier against injury, such as the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight or penetration of harmful chemicals in the environment. It is the body's first line of defense against disease-carrying organisms. The skin also prevents dehydration or excessive loss of moisture by preventing the leakage of water and other substances from within the body.

In addition, the extensive capillary networks and sweat glands in the skin are an important part of a complex system that maintains body temperature. Sweat glands also excrete excess water and some wastes and toxins from the body.

Nerves located within the skin receive stimuli of touch, pressure, heat, cold and pain and relay important information about the external environment to the central nervous system.

Be kind to your skin. It is one of the most important organs in the body and it works very hard. Incorporate a good skin regimen into your daily habits. Consult a SkinBorn® skin care professional for help in designing a regiment that fits your schedule, your skin and your environment.

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Do vitamins applied on the skin really work?

We've all heard about how important it is to take our vitamins daily, eat well-balanced meals and drink plenty of water. Now, the excitement in skin care is directed toward topically applied vitamins. The skin care market has been bombarded by Vitamin C based products in both creams and liquids. The SkinBorn® Medical Skin Enhancement System custom blends Vitamins E, D and A in our New Panthenol Treatment Group of Products. We also achieve exceptional results with our Vit-A Antioxidant Therapy and Vitamin C Antioxidant Serum.

So, is this a marketing trend or do vitamins really absorb into the skin? Currently, the studies conducted on Vitamin C show that when applied topically it is able to be absorbed by the skin and it will deliver more than 20 times the daily maximum amount. These results cannot be achieved by diet or by taking vitamins internally.

Vitamins applied to the skin act as major anti-oxidants to the body, helping it to neutralize the effects of sun damage and formulate healthy collagen protein. Vitamins seemingly smooth the skin and provide anti-inflammatory effects as well. However, the actual proof is in the appearance of the skin. Will vitamins be the new wave in skin care? If the studies can prove that topically applied vitamins can be absorbed by the skin and that they are beneficial, then the trend will be credible. But you need only look at your skin to see the benefit. Are we seeing any differences in skin from using vitamins in creams and moisturizers? A very qualified and resounding YES . . . but remember, that's not scientific!

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Which vitamins can really help the skin and how?

  • Vitamin A: Topical application helps smooth dry, rough skin and improves elasticity. Studies also indicate that topical Vitamin A can increase protein and collagen synthesis. SkinBorn®’s Vit-A Antioxidant Therapy contains Vitamin A (retinyl palmitate and improves the apprearance of wrinkles, pox marks and dull skin caused by aging or sun damage.
  • Vitamin B-5: Ethyl panthenol, better known as B-5 promotes cell regeneration and wound healing. It also enhances moisturizing. Skin Born’s Panthenol 5% Treatment moisturizes and helps to heal and sooth problem skin, leaving skin moist, silky and smooth.
  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C increases the synthesis of collagen, strengthens capillaries and protects against ultraviolet radiation. Skin Born’s Vitamin C antioxidant Serum combines intensified Vitamin C with the antioxidant Pycnogenol® to improve the appearance of skin tone and texture caused by aging, sagging, sun damage, and free radical damage.
  • Vitamin E: Promotes tissue growth and speeds healing. Protects against sun damage. Skin Born’s EDA Crème uses vitamins E, D and A to work immediately on the skin adding moisture, promote cell growth and aid in the absorption of calcium.

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Why is a facial cleanser a better alternative to soap?

Using a facial cleanser is a better alternative to soap for many reasons. The most obvious reason is that soap is extremely drying to the skin. Soap has detergent in it and strips oil off surface of the skin. Although soap cleans skin extremely well, the stripping off of all the natural oils on the skin upsets the delicate balance between oil and water on the face. This creates unbalanced skin with some areas very dry and some areas very oily. You may notice that your skin feels oily before cleaning with soap, only to feel dry again after cleansing. But, three or four hours later, it will feel oilier than ever. Soap strips all of the natural oils off of the skin alerting the brain that the skin needs oil, the brain sends down oil at two to three times the amount needed making the skin oilier than before. And more often than not, people will use the same soap year after year, never changing as their skin changes and ages. More oil on the face can lead to clogged pores. Clogged pores and dead skin can lead to larger facial pores and the earlier appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Using soap to cleanse the face only enhances the aging process.

SkinBorn®’s AHA Facial Cleanser is specifically formulated to gently cleanse the face and remove dirt and oil from the skin. It is recommended for all skin types. Skin stays cleaner longer. In addition, AHA Facial Cleanser is good for both men and women and contributes greatly to the overall health and wellness of your skin.

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What is microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a relatively new procedure in skin care. It has been used in Europe extensively for the last 7 years. The microdermabrasion procedure uses highly controlled vacuum and pressure to move microscopically abrasive aluminum oxide crystals over the surface of the skin. Microdermabrasion strips the dead cell layer of the skin using the SkinBorn® MicroDerma S-100 that circulates air through a hand piece with variable levels of vacuum (for the stripping) and varying amounts of "crystal" (for the abrasion). The ability to vary the amount of air and crystal allows each client to receive a custom treatment that can be deeper in areas of more severe damage.

This action causes little or no discomfort, while it gently removes the outer layer of the skin. By repeating this process over the course of several weeks or months, the newer, softer skin moves to the surface, revealing significant textural and color changes. Microdermabrasion revives and refreshes the skin. A series of treatments can produce younger, smoother looking skin and with anti-aging results. After your first treatment, your skin will have a fresh pink glow. Improvement continues throughout your treatment program.

Typically the process is completed with only a few passes of the hand piece over the skin. Clients normally experience only mild redness for up to a few hours. They can wear makeup and function normally. Perhaps the best way to think of this procedure is to liken it to skin polishing, using a fine mist of crystals. Due to the topical nature of the procedure, one treatment is not sufficient for most skin problems. An average client may need 4-8 treatments to obtain their best results. These are usually spaced from 1-2 weeks apart.

Skin problems proven to benefit from dermabrasion include rough skin texture, uneven pigmentation, acne, sun damage, fine wrinkles and acne scars. Improvement in these conditions is due to the removal of some of the damaged skin, as well as the stimulation of new cell growth. Research has shown that repetitive abrasion can create significant new cell growth. Microdermabrasion takes advantage of the skin's response and allows clients to gradually resurface their skin without the "downtime" and risk of more aggressive procedures.

Each treatment begins with the application of AHA Facial Cleanser. Then the gentle abrasive technique of the dermabrasion process reveals the newer, fresher skin. Because this new skin needs nourishment, after the dermabrasion, a blending of Day Cream for Dry Skin or Day Lotion for Oily/Combination Skin is applied along with Vitamin C Antioxidant Serum. As final protection for the skin, Sunscreen Lotion for Dry Skin (30 SPF) is applied.

The results are amazing, especially for pigmentation, fine lines and scarring. Check with your SkinBorn® skin care professional about the availability of microdermabrasion. When used in combination with SkinBorn® Medical Skin Enhancement System, clients achieve glowing results and rejuvenated, healthier skin.

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How does sun effect my skin?

Exposure to the sun and ultraviolet rays increases the damage to the skin by dehydrating and impairing the skin cells. There are many over-the-counter products available to cover up blemishes, spots and large pores yet these products do little to correct the damage that has already occurred. The key to correcting the skin and lessening the impact of wrinkles is through good day-to-day facial care and skin treatments. You can correct fine wrinkles, age spots, sun damage, acne and large pores using healthy skin treatments without surgery. First, glycolic acid is used to remove the dead cells of the skin, exposing the deeper less damaged layers. This allows other medications to penetrate - like hydroquinone, which blocks the enzyme needed to produce melanin, the body pigment responsible for the skin's color. This treatment reduces brown spots and fine lines - adding a little grace to your age.

In addition to treatments, today, the best definition for skin rejuvenation is preventive skin care. Should you really use a sunscreen? Well, it all depends on how much older you want to look. There is aging (like aging gracefully) and then there is photoaging (which is aging caused by damage from the sun. If you live in a sunny or mild climate for any length of time, then you are well aware that just because summer is over does not mean that your sun protection days are over. The season means naught.

And, most of us are getting used to the fact that just because we are not sunning at the beach does not mean we should not apply sunscreen. According to the Skin Cancer Foundation, over 75 percent of sun damage comes from walking to and from the car or eating at an outside cafe or merely from just being outside. Therefore, using a sunscreen daily with an SPF of 15 or more is a must. Plus, if you are around any type of moisture - the ocean, a pool or perspiration - the sunscreen is diluted and the risk of burning is higher. Then you will need to re-apply your sunscreen more often. Remember that certain medicines increase the sensitivity to light and can cause burning very easily, so be aware of your prescription labels and sunlight!

After being in the sun, the skin is a little parched and often feels very tight. Sun damaged skin shrinks from water loss because the moisture between the skin cells is lost. It is important to use lotions rich in plant lipids and moisture loving ingredients to prevent the skin from dehydration. Aging lines can start to form in weeks when moisture is not replaced in the skin from sun exposure.

So you want to age gracefully? Then don't let the golden glow of summer prematurely age your skin or damage your skin cells. Using a sunscreen every day can help erase fine lines, skin discoloration's and other signs of aging that come with a lifetime of sun exposure.

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What are the different types of skin cancers? What do they look and feel like?

Every year, over 500,000 cases of skin cancer are diagnosed within the offices of physicians throughout the U.S. Most of the reported cases are caused by overexposure to the sun. Being able to identify these lesions in their early stages is critical to avoid serious damage to the skin's tissue and the spreading of this sometimes-fatal disease. An esthetician plays an important role in helping you identify lesions and referring you to a physician in time to keep you and your skin in the best of health. Following are descriptions of the three most common forms of cancerous lesions.

Actinic Keratosis: These lesions appear as pink or skin-colored scaly patches that are sometimes mistaken for dry skin patches. They are frequently found on the face, neck, forearms and backs of hands. Sometimes, the scales of these lesions fall off and then reform. While it is rare for actinic keratosis to become malignant, these lesions can develop into more serious forms of cancer.

Basal Cell Carcinoma: The most common form of skin cancer is basal cell carcinoma. These lesions appear as sores that do not heal. Observing these lesions under a magnification lamp may show raised borders with the evidence of tiny blood vessels throughout. The center of these lesions is sometimes ulcerated or has a crusted surface. These lesions rarely spread throughout the body and are usually confined to adjacent areas of the lesions.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma: These lesions appear on the skin as either thick scaly patches or ulcerated sores that won't heal. Squamous cell carcinoma is more aggressive than basal cell carcinoma in that they can spread to other areas of the body.

Malignant Melanoma: Melanoma is the most life threatening of all the cancers and early detection is critical. Be on the look out for moles that appear to have changed in size or color. If they contain abnormal cells, the moles will have irregular and sometimes rough borders. The color will often be a mixture of brown, black, white, red and sometimes blue. These are called dysplastic moles, which can metastasize and spread throughout the body. The excision of these by a physician could be lifesaving.

Protecting your skin from overexposure to the sun and following a good home skin care and sun care regimen is important. Obviously, early detection and treatment could save a life. We hope that the above descriptions are helpful to you in identifying lesions but remember it takes a trained eye to make a diagnosis. You should visit with a physician for a final opinion.

Skin Cancer Prevention

As with any type of cancer, early detection is the key to survival. The American Cancer Society recommends the ABCD Rule as clues to early detection.

  • Asymmetry: One half doesn’t match the other half.
  • Border Irregularity: Edges of the mole are ragged, notched or blurred.
  • Color: The color is not uniform. Shades of tan, brown and black are present.
  • Diameter: The mole is wider than 6mm or 1⁄4 inch. Any sudden or continuing increase in size should be of special concern.

We would like to emphasize that your SkinBorn® skin care professional can play an important role in helping you identify lesions and referring you to a physician in time to keep you and your skin in the best of health. An esthetician can also help you design a sun care regimen using SkinBorn® Sunscreen Lotion for Dry Skin suited to your skin and your environment.

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Some Myths About Acne

Myth 1: Only Teenagers Have Acne
»Acne is a common and treatable skin condition that commonly starts around the ages of 10 to 13. Yet, it can appear or re-appear in adults in their 20's, 30's or 40's.

Myth 2: Acne is Due to Dirt

Acne is not caused by dirt or poor hygiene. On the contrary, by using excessively strong cleansers and astringents, acne can be aggravated.

Myth 3: Drying the Skin Out Will Help Acne

By drying the skin out, the skin will be tight instead of elastic and flexible. This can possibly cause scaring. Drying the skin does not stop or decrease the amount of oil in the skin that is responsible for the acne. Instead, skin care products that combine anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial ingredients work best.

Myth 4: Only Soap Will Clean My Skin

Washing with soap is not recommended as soap or other harsh cleansers remove the natural oils and leave the skin unbalanced. A gentle hydrating cleanser keeps the skin clean, without stripping the skin and making it feel taunt.

Myth 5: Scars Can't Be Prevented

Harsh products can damage skin cells to the point where the skin to be unable to repair itself well enough to prevent scarring. The sun, picking and harsh skin care can all have a negative effect on the skin and cause scarring.

Myth 6: I Must Be Doing Something Wrong

You cannot control your genetic makeup and acne is a genetic condition. Lifestyle factors such as stress, pressure, and products that clog pores can aggravate acne. The key to curing acne is to gain control over the flare-ups by using the SkinBorn® Medical Skin Enhancement System and educating yourself on the causes of acne.

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How do I know that I have acne and what can I do about it?

From the teen years through adulthood, most of us either have had acne, still have acne or know someone with acne. It is one of those subjects ("problem skin") that no one wants to discuss, much less say the word.

When dealing with problem skin, it is necessary to look at more factors than just the skin's appearance since a person's lifestyle, medication, stress level and other factors can lead to skin problems. Acne can be provoked by such simple causes as incomplete skin care, the use of birth control pills or the use of a heavy, greasy sunscreen.

By answering the following questions, you will give your SkinBorn® skin care professional a good overview of your skin and daily lifestyle, and perhaps the clues to the causes of your problem skin.

  • Do you experience regular breakouts?
  • Are there regular cycles to your breakouts?
  • What skin care and cosmetics do you currently use? How do you use them?
  • Do you use any topical medications?
  • What medicines or vitamins do you currently take?
  • Are you seeing a physician for any reason?
  • Are you allergic to any medicines, foods or cosmetics?
  • Do you regularly ingest kelp or seaweed?
  • What is your stress level?
  • What is your occupation?

The answers to the above questions and careful analysis of the skin provide the basis for designing treatments necessary to clear and control the problem skin. Many of the causes of problem skin - improper skin care, high levels of iodide, humidity, cosmetics, or stress - when controlled can lead to clear, blemish-free skin. Check with your SkinBorn® skin care professional for advice and recommendations on a good skin care regimen. You may not have acne per se, but any and all problem skin can be controlled.

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What is an Alpha Hydroxy Acid?

Alpha Hydroxy Acids or AHAs have been the all the rage in skin care for the last couple of years. AHAs gently loosen and diminish the build-up of dry, dead skin cells and are found naturally in food products. These acids include lactic acid from milk, citric acid from citrus fruits, tartaric acid from grapes and glycolic acid from sugar cane.

As glycolic acid has the lowest molecular weight of all AHAs, it penetrates faster and is considered to be an extremely valuable tool in quality skin care. Glycolic acid works by loosening the bonds that hold the dry, dead skin cells allowing them to slough off easier. This in turn stimulates more rapid growth of new skin cells that are softer and more hydrated, resulting in a visible reduction in fine lines. As a bonus, skin free from dead skin cells can more effectively benefit from the topical use of botanicals, anti-oxidants and moisturizers. The results obtained from glycolic acid may include softer, smoother skin, visibly diminished fine lines, improved skin clarity, tighter, more toned skin, increased elasticity and a reduction in excess oiliness and breakouts.

The extent and speed of the results of using glycolic acid depend on various factors, including the concentration of the acid. In most products, the acid has been buffered to some degree to limit the stinging and discomfort of the acid upon application. The lesser amount of buffering or the lower the pH of the glycolic acid, the more effective the acid, but the greater the risk of irritation and stinging. The percentage of glycolic acid in the product (5%, 10%, 20%, 35%) is as important as the buffering of the product. Glycolic acid in a cream or cleanser base does not work as well as glycolic in a water base vehicle, because the water-base glycolic penetrates the skin layers faster.

Don't expect to see any visible results with just one treatment. One treatment equals a waste of money. Only after the third or fourth salon treatment are "real" results seen in smoother, tighter, toned skin. If combined with home care, the results are even more dramatic. It is very important that before you begin any glycolic acid treatments you receive a patch test for any possible allergic reactions. Your skin care professional can guide you in choosing a treatment plan and designing a home care regimen.

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